ICC ODI rankings
Kohli scored two half-centuries in the three-match ODI series against Australia which India lost 1-2 last year in December.
In the bowlers' rankings, Jhulan Goswami, Shikha Pandey and Poonam Yadav moved down to be placed sixth, eighth and ninth respectively.
Kohli led the batsman's list with 884 points while his deputy Rohit Sharma with 842 ranking points maintained the second position.
Rohit moved up four places to reach fifth position after finishing as the leading scorer in the home series against Australia which India won 4-1 on Sunday.
Other Indian batsmen in the top-15 are former skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni (12th), Shikhar Dhawan (13th) and vice- captain Rohit Sharma (14th).